Multiple Banking is an agreement in which a borrower takes the loan amount from several banks. In this case, no bank knows that its borrower has also borrowed from other banks. There is no contractual relationship between the different banks, as in unionized banks, and each bank holds its individual security and credit rates. As with a loan guarantee, syndicated financing is for transactions that may not be done with a single lender. Several banks agree to supervise a single borrower at the same time as joint evaluation, documentation and follow-up and to have equal shares in the transaction. Unlike credit syndication, there is no leading bank to manage the financing project; all banks play an equal role in project management. Syndicate as a generic term originates in the U.S. Loan Syndication refers to a credit process in which a borrower approaches a bank for a relatively large amount of credit and which also includes international transactions and various currencies. Here, if and when a bank is approached by a customer to take advantage of a loan, the bank in question sets the interest and other credit terms of the loan with the customer and goes to other banks for the sale of that loan.
The other banks, if they agree to “buy” part of the loan on the same or other terms. In a credit syndication process, the customer negotiates with only one bank. The bank, which is invited by the borrower to intermed the credit, is called “Managing Bank,” which is responsible for negotiating the terms and scheduling of the loan amount. In this regard, it is important to note that the managing bank should not be the “majority lender” or the “lead bank” but only plays the role of the manager in arreveraing the loan amount in collaboration with other banks. Under the terms of the agreement, each bank can play the role of the management bank. The lead bank recruits the bank from other sufficient banks that are in the process of lending, negotiating terms, negotiating the details of the agreement and establishing documents. The bank, which receives the mandate of potential borrowers and is responsible for the investment and management of the credit process, its terms and conditions and their financial statements, is called Lead Manager, Lead Bank, Syndicate Bank. They are entitled to intermediation fees and submit to reputational risk. Consortia are not designed to treat international transactions as a syndication loan. Instead, a consortium may emerge because the size of the above project is simply too large or too risky for a single lender to expect. While credit banks generally operate across borders and can conduct financing transactions in different currencies, consortia usually operate within the boundaries of a given nation. But there is a solution for banks called syndicated financing.
As defaults have increased, banks have become more cautious about lending to businesses without a level of investment. They have begun to increase the number of corporate credit accounts in order to conclude agreements on syndicated loans, improve access to information and avoid surprises. These banks have a common agreement between them. Sometimes the participating banks form a new unionized bank that handles the lending process, uses each institution`s assets and eventually dissolves once the project is completed. The lender that has taken the highest risk (by granting the highest amount of credit) acts as an executive and manages all transactions, agreements, etc.