The coffee community in Africa and around the world gathered in the Ethiopian capital for two days of debate at the 4th World Coffee Conference, organized by the Ethiopian government. The 77 member states of the International Coffee Organization (ICO) and more than 900 participants, including coffee producers and representatives of governments, the private sector and international organizations, participated in a series of discussions on the theme of the conference. , “Promoting the culture and diversity of coffee.” Read the press release on our blog>> development of coffee trade flows (published in April 2018) 1989, the ICO failed to reach agreement on new export quotas, which led the ICA to collapse in 1983.  The disagreement was caused by the change in consumer taste towards a softer, better quality coffee.  With the maintenance of the quotas of the 1983 agreement, the amendment increased the value of softer coffee at the expense of more traditional varieties such as robusta.  In particular, Brazil – the world`s most powerful coffee producer – refused to reduce its quotas because it thought it would reduce its market share.   U.S.-led consumers have called for better quality coffee and an end to the sale of coffee to non-members at reduced prices.   The forerunner of the ICA was the Inter-American Coffee Agreement (IACA), which was founded during World War II. The war had created the conditions for a Latin American coffee deal: European markets were closed, the price of coffee fell, and the United States feared that lower prices would push Latin American countries – especially Brazil – towards Nazi or communist sympathies.  In 1940, the United States agreed to limit its imports to a quota of 15.9 million bags, and other Latin American countries agreed to limit their production.  The agreement had a direct effect and the price almost doubled until the end of 1941.
 After the end of the war in 1945, the price of coffee continued to rise until 1955/57, when some balance was reached. Every year, on October 1st, the world gathers to celebrate coffee and pay tribute to the millions of people around the world – from farmers to roasters, baristas, coffee shop owners and more – who work hard to create and serve the drink we all love. The OIC has a unique library with an international reference collection that has been built over 40 years with more than 13,000 monographs (books, reports, theses, brochures) and more than 200 periodic titles on all aspects of coffee. >> The original agreement was signed in 1962 for a five-year period and since then six other agreements have been ratified in 1968, 1976, 1983, 1994, 2001 and 2007. Growth for Prosperity: Economic Sustainability as a Catalyst for a Sustainable Coffee Sector Emerging Coffee Markets: South and East Asia (published September 2018) The current ICA 2007 came into force on February 2, 2011, when it was approved by two-thirds of the signatory export and import governments.  As of 2013[update], it has 51 members, including 44 exporting members, and 7 imports (the European Union represents all of its 28 Member States).  According to the ICO, its members account for 98% of total coffee production and 67% of consumption.  According to Yves Engler`s Canada in Africa, in 1989, the United States “no longer worries about the prospect of poor coffee producers turning to the Soviet Union, withdrawing their support from the International Coffee Agreement.” This year, we are on a joint mission to help coffee producers around the world earn a fair and living income.