The Matignon Agreements (Matignon Agreements) were signed on 7 June 1936 between the employers` organisation Confederation General of French Production (CGPF), the CGT union and the French state. They were signed during a massive general strike launched after the election of the Popular Front in May 1936, which led to the formation of a left-wing government led by Leon Blum (SFIO). Also known as the “Magna Carta of French Work”, these agreements were signed at the Matignon Hotel, the official residence of the head of government, hence their name. Matignon Agreements (1988) – The Matignon Accords refer to agreements that Jean Marie Tjibaou and Jacques Lafleur concluded on June 26, 1988 at the Matignon Hotel between loyalists who wanted to keep New Caledonia in the French Fifth Republic and the separatists… Wikipedia The agreements offered an amnesty to those who participated in the hostage-taking in the cave of Ouvea in 1988 and banned all proceedings concerning the deaths of four gendarmes and 19 members of the independent Kanak. The reformist leader of the CGT Jouhaux had for years, to no avail, put in place a 40-hour weekly agreement, and in 1935 a measure was submitted to the Senate proposing two weeks of paid annual leave. But these were not major gatherings for French workers, devastated by the loss of 1.3 million industrial jobs between 1931 and 1936. Between 1919 and 1935, only 1.3% of individual strikes and 13.1% of the increasing strikes in France involved a shorter working week. The 1936 Act gave the Minister of Labour the power to convene “common commissions” of the most “representative” employers` and trade union organizations in a regional or national “branch” of each branch to negotiate collective agreements. It put in place a First World War procedure, in which the minister was able to order all employers in the sector to respect the agreements, whether they participated in them or not, when their employees were unionized. In the first week of June, the strike and occupation movement swept France.
Large engineering, construction, printing and transport battalions were followed by workers in traditionally weaker sectors: shoe factories, sugar refineries, locksmiths, carpets and sheets are just a few examples. It wasn`t just blue-collar workers. Salesmen in Parisian department stores and even newspaper sellers were on strike. About 2 million workers went on strike at the height of the struggle. Economic life was paralyzed. The workers had control of their factories. To regain control, the bosses had no choice but to make massive concessions. Under the aegis of the government, which specified that the legislation would impose 40 hours, paid holidays and collective agreements, they signed the Matignon contract with union leaders on 7 and 8 June.