Andy Mok, a senior Research Fellow at The Center for China and Globalization in Beijing, said the BECA agreement was an attempt by a “decreasing” U.S. power to “contain China.” In July 2005, Bush received Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Washington, D.C. The two heads of state and government announced the success of the NSSP and other agreements that strengthened cooperation in the fields of nuclear, civil and high-tech civil trade. Other initiatives announced included the U.S.-India economic dialogue, HIV/AIDS, disaster relief, technological cooperation, a knowledge initiative for agriculture, a trade policy forum, an energy dialogue, a CEO forum and a reciprocity initiative to promote democracy and freedom.  President Bush delivered India in March 2006, during which the progress of these initiatives was reviewed and new initiatives were launched. “The BECA agreement is a game change. This is the last of the basic defense agreements signed between the United States and India and one that India had long refused to sign,” said Michael Kugelman, deputy director of the Asia program at the Wilson Center in the United States. On October 27, 2020, the United States and India signed the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), which allows for increased information exchange and defence cooperation to counter China`s growing military power in the region.  India, with mixed results, is calling for reforms at the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. India`s bid for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council is currently supported by several countries, including Russia, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, Brazil, african union countries, the United States (but not China). In 2005, the United States signed a nuclear cooperation agreement with India, although it is not an integral part of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
The United States agreed that India`s record on nuclear non-proliferation was exceptional and persuaded other members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group to sign similar agreements with India. India plays a crucial role in achieving our common vision of a free and open space for Indo-Pacific. In collaboration with inter-institutional partners, the Office of Political and Military Affairs (MP) promotes U.S.-India relations in the defence trade and in a broader security partnership. On March 27, 2019, India and the United States signed an agreement to “strengthen bilateral security and civil nuclear cooperation,” including the construction of six U.S. nuclear reactors in India.  After Kennedy`s assassination in 1963, Indo-American relations gradually deteriorated.